Chavda, Chauhan, Chudasama, Gohil, Jethwa, Khodiyar, Maru, Padhiyar, Parmar, Rathor, Savriya, Solanki, Taunk, Vadher, Vaghela, Varu, Vegad, Yadav
According to the Rajput bards, Chauhan is one of the four Agnikula or 'fire sprung' clans, deriving their origin from a sacrificial fire-pit (agnikunda) at Mount Abu to fight against the Asuras or demons. Chauhan is also one of the 36 ruling races of the Rajputs.Agnikula origin was perpetuated by later manuscripts of Raso from the 16th century onwards.James tod was of the view that Chauhans were the most valiant of the Agnikulas.
The Chauhans, who were feudatories to the powerful Gurjara Pratihara empire during 8th-9th-10th centuries  , later asserted their independence from the Gurjara Pratiharas, and in the early eleventh century, the Sakhambari king Ajaya-Raja founded the city of Ajayameru (Ajmer) in the southern part of their kingdom, and in the mid twelfth century, his successor Vigraharaja enlarged the state, captured Dhilika (the ancient name of Delhi) from the Tomaras and annexed some of their territory along the Yamuna River, including Haryana and Delhi. In 12th century the Chauhans dominated Delhi, Ajmer and Ranthambhor. They were also prominent at Godwar in the southwest of Rajputana, and at Hadoti (Bundi and Kota) in the east. Chauhans adopted a political policy that saw them indulge largely in campaigns against the Chalukyas and the Muslim invaders.
There were two types of samantas of Chauhans:'Mukut Bandh' and 'Mandaleshwar'. 'Mukut Bandh' were those samantas who were owners of their areas but accepted Chauhans suzerainty. 'Mandaleshwar' were those samantas who got jagirs on the pleasure of Chauhan rulers. Some of Samantas are listed below:
1. Kaka Kanha - A big Jagir, Kanha was uncle of Prithviraj Chauhan. 
2. Hari Raj - Brother of Prithviraj Chauhan. 
3. Jats - There were many Jat states under Chauhan dynasty. According to James Tod, Jats were one of the 36 Royal Kshatriya clans. The people at that time were known more by clans but even we find some samantas who wrote them as Jat. We find that when Bika begged Jangladesh it was ruled by at least sevan Jat clans, namely Sihag, Bhadu, Punia, Godara, Saran, Beniwal,and Kaswan. It is not properly recorded who were samantas out of them but circumstantial evidences indicate that some of them must be samantas of Chauhans. K. Devi Singh Mandawa has reported one name i.e. Sarangsoor Jat who was a samanta of Prithviraj Chauhan.
4. Parmara Samantas - There were many Parmaras as samantas of Prithviraj Chauhan. The main out of them was Parmar ruler Vikram Singh's son Jaitra Paramara of Mt Abu. He became Mahamantri of Prithviraj Chauhan after Kaimas. He was killed in second war with Gauri.
9. Pundir - Pundir are considered suryavanshi rajputs. Three generations of Pundirs viz, Chandrasen Pundir, his son Dhir Pundir, his son Pawas Pundir were very brave and samants of Chauhans of Nagaur and Punjab. One of Rani of Prithviraj Chauhan was from Pundir family of Nagaur Jagir. 
10. Yaudheya - Many branches of Yaudheyas ruled in western Rajasthan.Samprati Maurya, son of Ashoka, was ruler of this area. He defeated Yaudheyas in Shekhawati region who moved to northern parts of Bikaner such as Sindharani,Maroth etc, where they lived for a long period. Vigraharaja's maternal uncle Simbal was Yaudheya ruler of Maroth and wassenapati as well as samanta of Chauhans. One of queens of Prithviraj Chauhan was Yaudheya. They were later on calledJohiyas.
11. Tanwars of Delhi - They were Chandravanshi Kshatriyas and consider them selves as Pandavavanshi. In v.s. 1209 (1152 AD) Vigraharaja Chauhan attacked Tanwars and defeated Anangapala II. Vigraharaja (Bisaldeva) married his daughter Deshal Devi to Anangpal. Govindaraja Tanwar fought for Prithviraj Chauhan in first was with Gauri and was injured, but killed in second war.
12. Dahiya (Dahima) of Parbatsar - In an inscription year v.s. 1056 (999 AD) found in Kevay Mata temple in villageKinsariya in Marwar region Dahima Jats have been recorded as descendents of rishi Dadhichi. Chachcha Rana had got constructed this temple here. Chachcha Rana's son Udharan was a great warrior and Prbatsat and Maroth were in his Jagir. His son was Vilhan jagirdar of Maroth. One of the queens of Prithviraj Chauhan was Dahiyani.
It is to be noted that during the time of Dadhichi, varna system in Aryas was not rigid. So Dadhichi's descendants are found both in Brahmanas as Dahimas and Kshatriyas as Dahiyas. Dahiya clan is also common in Jats and Rajputs.
14. Dahiyas of Maroth - We get three names of Dahiya [[Jat]s] of Maroth: Kadavarao (कड़वाराव), PadmaSingh and Jayant Singh. During the reign of Prithviraj Chauhan, one of the samanta rebelled and the jagir was given to Gauds. The Jats of Karwasraand Karwa have originated from Kadavarao.
15. Mohils of Chhapar Dronapur - Chauhan Dhandhu's son was Indra whose descendant Mohil started this branch.Ladnu was founded by Dahaliyas. Bagadiyas won this area from Sajjan's son Mohil in v.s. 1130 (1073 AD). Mohil had acquired the title of Rana and made Chhapar as his capital. There were 1400 villages under him. We have found an Inscription of Mohil's son Hardatt (Hathad) of v.s. 1162 (1105 AD) from Jeenmata in Sikar district. This inscriptions tells that Hathad (Hardatt) constructed Jeenmata temple during reign of Prithviraj-I. We have got many inscriptions of Mohils of the period v.s. 1186 (1129) - v.s. 1388 (1131 AD). The Rana successors of Hardatt were Bar Singh, Bālhar, Āsal, Āhaḍ, Raṇasī, and Sohaṇ Pal. Raṇasī, and Sohaṇ Pal were contemporary of Prithviraj. One of the samanta of Prithviras was Varasirai Mohil.
16. Mohils of Janglu - Janglu area was ruled by Mohil Chauhans, who were samants of Chauhan Samrat.Rana Lakha was contemporary of Prithviraj. There were many jagirs of Mohils in Bagad area. These chieftains had to face wars in Nagaur in which many were killed. As per an inscription of 25 April 1183 (Baisakh sudi 2 v.s. 1239) in village Ganedi district ChuruRajasthan, Mohil Jhala and his son lakhan were killed in this war.
18. Chauhans of Dadrewa - Dhandhu Chauhan from Sambhar branch went to village Dhandhu in Churu district and established his rule. He had five sons and one daughter. He appointed his second queen's son Kanho as his successor and not the eldest son Harsh. Harsh and his sister Jeen went to hills and did the penance. Jeen got the status of goddess. Her temple is known as Jeenmata temple.
After three generations of Kanho, Jivraj (Jewar) became Rana. He left Dhandhu and went to Dadrewa and made it his capital. His son Goga was very brave and illustrious. He had many sons. When Ghazni attacked Somnath temple Goga provided him a tough resistance in western Rajasthan. Goga became martyr along with his all sons and relatives. Since no son of Goga was alive his brother Bairasi or his son Udayraj became Rana of Dadrewa. There have been many Gogas in this vansha. Goga is very revered and considered as a deity of snakes in Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
19. Khichi Chauhan - Āsarao's son was Manakrao, whose descendants are known as Khichi. Asrao gavi his son jagir of 84 villages. He constructed two forts Bhadanon and Jayal. After this ajairaj, Chandrarao, Lakhanrao, sangamrao and Gundalrao were samantas of Chauhans.
20. Dod or Dodiya (डोडिया) - Earlier they had rule over some states in Gujarat. Present Hadauti was earlier occupied byHunas and known as Huna Pradesh. Dods (डोड) defeated them and established their capital at Dodgarh (Gagrum). This area was under Nagavanshi rulers. This is mentioned in an Inscription of v.s. 847 (770 AD). Dodiyas defeated them and continued to rule here till v. s. 1300 (1243 AD). Jahajpur area in Mewar was also ruled by Dods. An inscription of their rule is found of the year v.s. 1334 (1177 AD). Telanjarai Dod was a samanta of Prithviraj.
21. Dods of Bulandshahr - This town was earlier known as Vana (वाणा). This was ruled by Dod Kshatriyas, who were samantas of Chauhans. During reign of Prithvirah the ruler of this area was Anang. Anang had left a grant of v.s. 1233 (1176 AD). According to this grant 16 generations of Dods ruled here. They probably established here around 900 AD. When Mahmud Gazanvi attacked Mathura, Bulandshahr was ruled by Hardatt Dod.
22. Sankhalas of Roon - Paramara ruler of Barmer's son was Dharani Barah, whose son was Sankhala. Descendants of Sankhala were known as Sankhalas. Sankhala rulers of Roon and Karkotaka in south of Jaipur were samantas of Chauhans.
23. Mauryas - Samprati Maurya, son of Ashoka, was ruler of Rajasthan. samprati constructed many forts in Rajasthan. famous fort is that of Kumbhalgarh. On ruins of this fort Maharana Kumbha constructed present historical fort. Samprati constructed a fort in jahajpur also. Many branches of Mauryas ruled in Rajasthan. Mauryas defeated Yaudheyas in Shekhawati region who moved to northern parts of Bikaner such as Sindharani, Maroth etc, where they lived for a long period. The Maurya samantas of Prithviraj were Bhima Maurya, Saran Maurya, Madalrai Maurya and Mukundrai Maurya.
24. Jod Chauhans of Narhar & Jhunjhunu - Chauhan Dhandhu had founded Dhandhu. Indra could not become Rana on death of his father. Indra had descendants Arjan and Sarjan. Arjan and Sarjan fought with Goga for Dadrewa when Rana Jhawer died. Goga defeated them. This war took place before 1024 AD since Goga died in 1024 AD fighting with Mohammad Ghazni. Arjan and Sarjan moved to a place named Jodi in Churu district. Their descendants were called Jod Chauhans. after death of Arjan and Sarjan their descendants moved in south and established in Narhar and Jhunjhunu.
25. Nikumbhas of Abhaneri - Nikumbhas of Abhaneri were under Chauhans. They were rulers of Khan Desh. We have two inscriptions about them from village Paran of Shaka Samvat 1075 (1153 AD) and Shaka Samvat 1128 (1207 AD). TheAlwar fort was built by them.
26. Badgujars of Rajor & Devanti - Badgujars of Rajor & Devanti were also samantas of Chauhans. Some names reported from Prithviraj's Badgujar samantas are: Randhir Badgujar, Ramray Badgujar and sangransi Badgujar. During Mughal period Kachhawahas vanished their states.
27. Gohils of Khed - Gohils or Gahlot are Suryavanshis. They were rulers of Mewar. One of their branch established a state in Khed in Marwar. Gohils of Khed were samantas of Chauhans. Prithviraj's samanta was Govind Ram Gahlot. later Rathors occupied their state and Gohils moved to Kathiawar.
28. Gohils of Pipad - Gohils of Pipad were samantas of Chauhans. Hansi's samanta was Kelan Gahlot who was maternal uncle of Someshwar. 29. Hools of Sojat - Hool or Hul is branch of Gahlots. They were under Chauhans. Sojat in ancient times was known asshuddhadanti (शुद्धदंती). Haria Hool was a popular name in Rajasthan.
32. Rathors - The Rathor samanta of Prithviraj was Sanyam Rai Rathor. Hathundi was a state of Rathors. An inscription of their period of year v.s. 1053 (997) mentions names,viz Harivarma, Vidagdharaj, Bhammat and Dhawal. We get one inscription of year v.s. 1063 (1006 AD) at Dhanop (Shahpura), which mentions Bhalli Danti Varma and his two sons Buddhraj and Govindraj. We have found one more inscription at Bagad, which is of Bagadiya Rathores. It mentions names of Raka and his son Biram. The samantas of Prithviraj must be from these Rathors who were having states prior to the present Rathors.
33. Gor Vansha - We get name of Nagar Rai Gor as a samanta of Prithviraj. Chhoti Sadri inscription of year v.s. 547 (491 AD) gives some information about Gor rulers. This inscription indicates that Maharaja Dhanya soma (धान्य सोम) was a popular king of Gor Kshatriya clan. Rajyavardhan (राज्यवर्द्धण), Rashtra (राष्ट्र) and Yasha Gupta (यश गुप्त) rulers followed in succession. The inscription also reveals that the Gor kings had constructed goddess temple in memory of their ancestors on magha shukla 10 in samvat 547 (491 AD). The inscription proves the rule of Gor kings near 'Chhoti Sadadi' place inRajasthan in 6th century. They were considered to be powerful till the rule of Maharana Raimal.
34. Chandel's - Chandels were Chandravanshi Kshatriyas. They had a big state in Jetubhukti and had a war with Prithviraj Chauhan and were defeated. Rewasa, Kasli and Raghunathgarh in Sikar were under Chandels. It is not known when and how they came to this area. An inscription of Chandels was found at (Raghunathgarh of v.s. 1150 (1093 AD). Three inscriptions of year v.s. 1243 (1186 AD) were found at Rewasa. These reveal that Rewasa pargana was under Prithviraj Chauhan. These are about some warriors. Jaisi , Moharai and Veerabhadra were samantas of Prithviraj Chauhan.
35. Padihar of Kharad - This area was won by Roopde Padihar. They ruled it for many years. Later it was occupied byBhatis. In addition to Padihars of Mandor, there were some more states under Chauhans. Samantas of Prithviraj were Nahadrao (Nagabhatt) of Mandor, Chandrasi Padihar, Mahansi Padihar, Pipirai Padihar and Viramrai Padihar. Nahadrao's daughter was married to Prithviraj Chauan. 
37. Bhati - Bhatis were rulers of Jaisalmer, which was not under Chauhans. We have names of three Bhatis who were Samantas of Prithviraj Chauan:Sarangrai, Achalesh and Bhanrai. We do not know which were their Jagirs.
38.Dahima - Dahimas were very important in darbar of Prithviraj Chauhan. Kaimas Dahiya was chief minister of Prithviraj Chauhan during his childhood. he was a big jagirdar and Bayana Fort was in his Jagir. Another Dahima samant wasChamundarai, whose sister was married to Prithviraj Chauhan. He was a great warrior and chief senapati of Prithviraj Chauhan. He was killed in last war with Gauri. Chamunda's son was also a samanta. Jatu near Agra was in his Jagir. Other Dahima samantas were Rooprai and Jangalirai.
The Chauhan dynasty flourished from the 8th to 12th centuries AD. It was one of the four main Rajput dynasties of that era, the others being Pratiharas, Paramaras and Chalukyas. Chauhan dynasties established themselves in several places in North India and in the state of Gujarat in Western India. They were also prominent at Sirohi in the southwest of Rajputana, and at Bundi and Kota in the east. Inscriptions also associate them with Sambhar, the salt lake area in the Amber (later Jaipur) district (the Sakhambari branch remained near lake Sambhar and married into the ruling Pratihara, who then ruled an empire in Northern India). Chauhans adopted a political policy that saw them indulge largely in campaigns against the Chalukyas and the invading Muslim hordes. In the 11th century they founded the city of Ajayameru (Ajmer) in the southern part of their kingdom, and in the 12th century captured Dhilika (the ancient name of Delhi) from the Tanwar and annexed some of their territory along the Yamuna River. Alwar The people at that time were known more by clans but even we find some samantas who wrote them as Jat only Chauhan
Prithviraj III has become famous in folk tales and historical literature as the Chauhan king of Delhi who resisted the Muslim attack in the First Battle of Tarain (1191). Armies from other Rajput kingdoms, including Mewar assisted him. However, Prithviraj was defeated in the Second Battle of Tarain the following year. This failure ushered in Muslim rule in North India in the form of the Slave Dynasty, the first of the Delhi Sultanates.
Ajmer,erected its castle of Taragarh. The name of Ajaipal is one of the most conspicuous that tradition has preserved, and is always followed by the epithet of Chakravartin, or uni-versal potentate. His era must ever remain doubtful, unless, as already observed, we should master the characters said to belong to this race, and which are still extant, both on stone and on copper. Prithi Pahar was brought from Mahishmati to Ajmer. By a single wife he had twenty-four sons, whose progeny peopled these regions, one of whose descendants, Manika Rae, was lord of Ajmer and Sambhar, in the year S. 741, or A.D. 685. Prithiraj, the descen-dant of Manika Rae, even when emperor of all Northern India. Manika Rae, whom we may consider as the founder of the Chauhans of the north, recovered Ajmer. He had a numerous progeny, who established many petty dynasties throughout Western Rajwara, giving birth to various tribes, which are spread even to the Indus. The Khichi, the Hara, the Mohil, the Nirwana, Bhadauria, the Bhaurecha,the Dhanetiya, and the Baghrecha, are all descended from him.
The Chauhan kingdom became the leading state and a powerful kingdom in Northern India under King Prithviraj III (1165–1192), also known as Prithvi Raj Chauhan or Rai Pithora. Prithviraj III has become famous in folk tales and historical literature as the Chauhan king of Delhi who resisted and repelled the invasion by Mohammed of Ghor at the first Battle of Tarain in 1191. Armies from other Rajput kingdoms, including Mewar, assisted him. The Chauhan kingdom collapsed after Prithviraj faced defeat in the war. the battle ground against Mohammed of Ghor in 1192 at the Second Battle of Tarain.
Prithviraj's defeat and capture at Tarain ushered in Muslim rule in North India by the Delhi Sultanate. The Chauhans of Ajmer remained in exile due to Muhammad of Ghor and his successors, the Sultans of Delhi, and thus swelled the ranks of the armed forces of the Maharana of Mewar, until 1365, when Ajmer was captured by the Sisodias rulers of Mewar, and Ajmer was then returned to the Chauhans.
A branch of the Chauhans, led by Govinda, the grandson of Pritviraj III, established themselves as rulers of Ranthambore from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries, until Ranthambore was captured by Rana Kumbha of Mewar. The Hadas, great dynasty of the Chauhans, moved into the Hadoti region in the twelfth century, capturing Bundi in 1241 and ruled there until the twentieth century. One sept of these Hada Rajputs won KotaThe Dhanetiyas of Shahabad, which by a singular fatality has at length come into the possession of the Hadas of Kota and ruled their till the merger of state in independent India.
Chauhans of the Deora branch established the state of Sirohi in southern Rajasthan, and ruled there from the fifteenth century until Indian Independence. In western India, Chauhans are found at Devgadh Baria, founded by Dungarsinhji, a member of the Khichi Chauhan clan about 700 years ago. Rajkumar (Bhadaiyan State of Awadh), Bachgoti (Diyara State of Awadh)and Rajwar are three other branches of Chauhans in Uttar Pradesh. Chauhan's are also found in Khurja Dasheri and Arnia.
Madho Prasad Singh (of Adharganj), Rai. Born in October 1847. The title is hereditary, the Rai being the representative of the great Bachgoti sept of Rajputs, sprung from the ancient and illustrious family of the Chauhan Rajputs of Mainpuri (q.v.) The sept having incurred the excessive wrath of the Emperor Ala -ud- din of Delhi, who vowed its extermination, the survivors emigrated, and for safety's sake adopted the name of Vasishtagoti (contracted into Batasgoti, and ultimately Bachgoti), from the saint who called forth their ancestor (the Agnikula) from the fire to defend the Munis of Mount Abu against the demons. The Chief, Bariar Singh, descendant of Chahir Deo, Prithvi Raj's brother, left Sambhalgarh, and wandering eastward, settled about 1248 A.D. in Sultanpur, Oudh. He married the daughter of Raja Ram Deo, Bhilkaria, Chief of Patti, became chief military officer under the Raja, and ultimately dispossessed his brother-in-law, and seized the territory. His descendant, Bodh Singh, received the title of Rai. The Santak of the Chauhan Rajputs, called Cfiakra, used in the seal and for signature. (A circle with four Trisulas or Tridents as radii at the cardinal points.)
The Chauhan Rajputs come from the region around the lakes of Sambhar and Pushkar in Rajasthan, near Amber and present-day Marwar, Mewar Jaipur. Other seats of Chauhans are Mainpuri in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarkhand, Himachal Pradesh and Neemrana in Alwar District of Rajasthan. There is a great village of the Chauhan clan by the name of Gura Sonigara near Pali in Rajasthan. These Chauhans belong to Man Singot Sonigara Chouhan. Another village of Chauhans is Amin near Thanesar in Haryana. These Chauhans belong to the Ror community. The average height of the Ror Chauhans of Amin is well over six feet. Amin is also supposed to be the village where the Pandavas arrayed their forces before the last battle in the war of Mahabharat.
In Gujarat Chauhans ruled a few states like Chota Udepur, Mundetti and Vav. Sanchora Chauhans of Mundetti are well known for their valor both during the Marwar Raj and British Raj. Surajmal Chauhan is a very popular figure and well sung hero of the local folk songs of Idar State. He had challenged the British and Idar state's proprietorship of Mundetti. Surajmals Revolt against the British had coincided with that of the mutiny of 1857. There are folklores of how Surajmal saved the gold of a Math of Siddhpur from the Baroda State by kidnapping their army of staff. He also saved a princess (some state of Mewar) from kidnapping in a heroic effor. This stories have been documented at a statue at Mundetti (Near Idar). The famous battlegrounds and monuments of Surajmal Chauhans valour are located at Nadri, Gota, Goral and Kishangadh in the district of Idar.
Sarhal Mundi is a small village situated 5 miles south of Behram in Tehsil Phillaur, District Jallandhar, Punjab. According to Census Report for Punjab 1883 (Denzil Ibbetson) and Census Report for Punjab 1892 (E.D.Maclagan) and the book A Glossary of the tribes and casts of Punjab and N.W.F written by H. A. Rose this village is populated by Chauhan Rajputs. The common belief is that the foundation of this village was laid by Gopal Chauhan - 6th generation of Lav Dev. Some argue that Lav Dev was not Prithvi Raj's but Krishna Chauhan's son who was a General in Prithvi Raj Chauhan's army and fell martyr in the second battle against Muhammad of Ghor commonly known in the history as Muhammad Gauri.
A historic ‘Shiv Dawala’ and many old houses of small brick can roughly put the origin of this village back to as early as 16th century. It is quite probable that the ancestors of this village could be Ghorewaha Rajputs. Elders of this village also talk of Bundi links which make them Hara (Hada) Chauhan’s. Kota Shahabad is linked with Dhanetiya Chauhan's. Whatever may be the case Sarhal Mundi is one of the very few Rajput villages of Doaba besides Karnana and Sahlon which H. A. Rose’s book lists as Rajput.
This village is a nice mix of Sikh and Hindu Rajput families and many of its old inhabitants migrated to UK & USA. Just like most villages of this area Sarhal Mundi may be much older in historic terms than most of us think it is as the words ‘Mundi’ and ‘Lundi’ are found in ancient Takka language. Old excavations of ‘Harrappa’ found around these villages of Phillaur also suggest that these areas have always been the hub of civilizations just the old has been replaced by the new. Some historians believe that from time to time Rajputs of these villages found new lands rather than submitting to invaders who ruled Northern India from time to time. Genealogical and physical attributes such as tall stature, good martial skills, fair colour as compared to others, stubborn nature, sense of adventure and travel and a belly full of fire makes Doaba Bist inhabitants of these villages more akin to Rajput ancestry. Sardar Gurdial Singh as quoted by H. A. Rose believes them to be of “good Rajput blood”.
Although some historians tend to follow the thinking that Rajputs are descendants of Huns but the controversial view that Rajputs are linked to Indus Aryans holds equally powerful logic, general sharp Grecian/Mediterranean/Caucasian features hint at an Aryan/Scythic decent. No matter what the argument it has to be admitted that North India was the melting pot out of which Rajputs kept their traditions alive.
Present day Sarhal Mundi is only a shadow of its old self with many houses under lock and key and disrepair as inhabitants live abroad. The total adult population of voting age is just 1152 (M 569 F583). There is a Government Elementary School but no medical hospital. The Shrine of Baba Uttam Das and the pond are still there reviving the old nostalgia. This village is easily accessible by going to Phagwara and traveling approximately 8 miles by the side of a canal, the route used by many buses and cars.
85 villages of Chauhan's lie in Western Uttar Pradesh, in the districts of Bulandshahr, Aligarh, Agra etc. Village Davkoura in Bulandshahr has 75% Chauhan population. Ambala district also have some chauhan villages of gotra vats.
Chauhan's sub-clan sambaliya or sambhri is also found near delhi in gurgaon district. there villages are Kasan (Chauhan Rajpoot are Dwellars of this village predominately, It is Famous For Baba Pooran Mal Mandir and Jain Teerth Sthan.) , baas kala , bhondsi,harsaru gadi etc.they claim to be descendent of Prithviraj Chauhan.
Some Chauhan Rajputs of the Doab region of Punjab also adopted Sikhism and are called Sikh Rajputs, not to be confused with Jat Chohans of the Punjab (who happen to write the transliteration of their name in English differently).
86 villages of chauhans lie in western Uttarpradesh, in the districts of Bulandshahr, Ghaziabad, Aligarh, Agra Etc. Village Davkoura lies in Bulandshahr and 75% of its population are Chauhans. Even few villages that comes under Siyana Tehsil have around 90% Chauhan population. Same in the case of Pisawa Tehsil and the village Dibha Hamidpur, where 80% of the population is from Chauhan. Late Sh. Sher Singh Chauhan and his son Late Sh Lakhan Singh Chauhan was a renowned freedom fighter from Dhibha village, who contributed a lot to spread the awareness about the "Quit India Movement" in the 1930's decade.
Chohan/Chauhans belong to a select group of clans that are Hindus and Sikhs.
Sportspeople and other famous chauhan
The surname Chudasama has its origins in the Northwestern regions of India. Through many centuries of migrations, mainly from the Gujarat, emigrants have spread this surname to almost every corner of the world, with a notorious presence in Kenya and the United Kingdom, where they have established themselves in prosperous communities.
Majority of Chudasamas are of Rajput ancestry. The Chudasama clan is a branch of the Lunar or Chandravanshi line of Rajputs, who trace their origin to Lord Krishna.The Chudasama rulers were a powerful and highly warlike clan of Chandra vansi Rajputs. They have a very colorful history full of brave princes and soldiers who valliantly fought and martyred themselves for just causes. These Rajputs, concentrated in eastern Saurashtra are spread in 52 small villages and towns in that area. They claim descendency from the Chandravams, and are believed to have bifurcated from the larger Jadeja clan who are bifurcated from the famous "Yadavas" from the bhagvat puran. The Originator of the Chudasama clan is said to be an ancient prince named Gajpat, who had hidden in the bangle (chuda) of Hinglaj mataji, to escape persecution from a Muslim invader, who wanted to convert all the people in his way to Islam. They are a branch of Samma Rajput clan of Sind, descending from Yadav clan in which Lord Krishna was born. The surname itself indicates this Chuda-Samma now written as Chudasama.
Kuldevi: Khodiyar Mataji (Temples are at Rajapara, near Bhavnagar, Matel -near Rajkot and Gorasu, near Dholera in Gujarat.)
The Chudasama Rajputs played a significant role in framing the later history of Gujarat state. They are still a proud community with land ownership as major occupations. They live in the area of Saurashtra called Bhal, which is a major producer of quality wheat. They were jagirdars and thakores, and were powerful allies to other major Rajput kings around them. Their major towns and villages are Dhandhuka, Zinzer, PIPAL, Dholera , Panchi, Bhadiyad, Kadipur, Unchdi, Cher, Chitravad, Aniyali, Ambli, Pipli, Parabdi, Rojka, Gamph, Kothadiya, Akru, Bavaliyari, Sandhida, Hebatpur, Rojka, Vagad, Tagadi, Kharad, Jaska, etc. All are well coperates together., dholera near gorasu thear kuldevi khodiyarr ma. The Chudasama can not marry in sarvaiya & Raijada casts because they are considered brothers
we have 12 villages in junagadh district some of them are gadhara,khakhi jaria,etc..ra navghan was the ruler of junagadh who belongs to chudasama royals. vadhela is chudasama vilejkuldevi khodiyar ma temple near dholera in gorasu vollege!
Gohil is the name of a dynasty that ruled certain princely states in western India, including Rajpipla and Bhavnagar in the present-day state of Gujarat.The region of Bhavnagar State is also known as Gohilwad. They claim descent from the ruling family of Mewar in present-day Rajasthan and are a branch of the Sisodia clan of rajputs.
Although today they have no official power, the family is still highly respected in Bhavnagar where their formal palace has been transformed into a 5 star hotel.The city of Bhavnagar was established by Gohil ruler Bhavsinhji Gohil and His highness Shri Krushnkumarsinhji Gohil was the first ruler of any of the states of India to merge his state in the union of India at the time of independence of India.!
Jethwa or Jethva is a name of a Rajput clan that claim decent from Pawan, ancestor of Lord Hanuman who appears in the Hindu epic Ramayan. They are a branch of the chandravanshi Rajput clan and are one of the oldest clans found in Rajput history.
The Jethwa's / Jethva's have had capitals at Morvi, Srinagar, Dhank, Chaya Ghumli and lastly to Porbandar (in 1785). They are the first rulers of the Saurashtra area found in Western Gujarat. The Jethwa's ancient history is still a mystery but Lord Hanuman has always been at the heart of their story. Even the Princely State of Porbandar ruled by Jethwa Dynasty had Lord Hanuman's image in their Merchant Flag adopted in year 1923.
During the time of Mahmud of Ghazni, the Jethwa's controlled all the west and north of the Kathiawar but after suffering heavy losses to the Jhala and Jadeja Rajputs they were confined to a district known as Barda.
The Jethwa ruler Mayurdhwaj established the capital in what is now known as Morvi, formally known as Mayurpuri, and they were there from 1193. After shifting to Nagnah, they later established their rule in Ghumli, under Sal Kumar. It is however through Jethaji that the Jethwa's got their name. Sangaji was a descendent of Jethaji who received the title of Rana, which is still a title held by Jethwa rulers today, after defeating a large Vaghela army in Morvi.
The reigns of Rana Bhavsinhji (1900-1908) and Rana Natwarsinhji (1908-1979) both Maharaja of Porbandar gave the state of Porbandar first class status after many battles for the throne within the royal family in 1811, 1869 and 1886. Rana Natwarsinhji, who died in 1973 joined the Indian Union in 1947 and Porbander, now the Porbander District in the State of Gujarat became a part of the Indian Union.
The Jethwa Rajputs belong to the Gautam/Vajas Gotra and their kuldevi is Vindhyavasini. The main villages that the Jethwa Rajputs hail from are Morana, Ratdi, Shrinagar, Pandavadar, Gosa, Chaya, Ghumli and Baredia.
It is also said that one of the prince from Kashmir after having lost his Kingdom came to Gujrat near Porbandar and here with the blessings of Harsiddhi Mata, whose temple is located around 35 km from Porbandar established a Kingdom at Ghumli. His descendents later came to be known as Jethwa, the earstwhile rulers of State of Porbandar.
"Jethwas" are also found in Kutch in large numbers, where they seem to have migrated along with other Rajput / Kshatriya clans like Rathor, Chawda, Chouhan, Sawaria, Vaghela, Tank, Gohil, Vadher, Solanki, Parmar, Khodiyar, Vegad, Varu, Yadav, Maru. As per Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas Samaj these group of warriors arrived in Saurahtra in early 7th Century from Rajasthan fighting and repealing attack from Middle East. Later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century AD and established themselves at Dhaneti. These fact is further authenticated by the fact that many of these families still go to pay their respects to Shri Ramdevji or Rama-Pir at Rumicchha (Ranujaa) near Pokhran in Rajasthan. Although they have their Kuldevis in Kutch only, idos of whom they brought along with themselves when they migrated, whose temples are located mainly in 19 villages mentioned hereafter. Here they together established themselves at Dhaneti after warfare. They are identified together as Mistris or Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas. They were given 18 villages by then eastwhile ruler of Kutch.These villages are namely, Anjar, Sinugra, Madhapar, Meghpar, Galpadar, Kukma, Khambhra, Khedoi, Lovaria, Hajapar, Chandia, Jambudi, Devaria, Kumbharia, Nagalpar, Vidi, Nagor, Reha and Ratnal. These group of kshatriyas besides being warriors were also skilled in building of beautiful and artistic Temples, Palaces, Dams and therefore also came to be known as Mistiris, which in English means an Engineer. At present population of Jethwa is centralised around Anjar City and Anjar Taluka. The Jethwas of Kutch have their Kuldevi's Temple at Anjar and their Kuldevi is Brahmani Maa. Jethwa's of Kutch also have one Kuldevi Temple of Brahmani Mata at Anjar and Nagalpar.
Khodiyar Maa is the Hindu goddess who appeared in the story of Mamaniya Gadhvi in about AD 700.
Mamaniya Gadhvi had a superb relationship with the then ruler - Maharaj Shilbhadra. The ruler's ministers envied this exceptional relationship and prepared a way to get rid of Mamaniya Gadhvi. They were not very successful at persuading the ruler, but they succeeded in persuading the ruler's wife (queen).
One day the doorkeepers did not let him go into the palace. Mamaniya asked for the reason. He was told that a childless man is not worthy of the king's presence. Mamaniya returned home and wanted to ask Lord Shiva for help. When Lord Shiva did not appear, he decided to give his life away as a final sacrifice. Just when he was about to make it, Lord Shiva appeared and took him to the Snake Kingdom - Naglok (or Nāga Loka) to see the King of Snakes - Nagdev.
After hearing his story full of humiliation, the Nagdev's daughters decided to help too. When Mamaniya came home, with his wife he prepared, as advised by the Nagdev's daughters, eight cradles in expectation of a great event. One day eight snakes crawled into the house and Mamaniya had suddenly seven daughters and one son. One of the daughters was Khodiyar Maa. After showing many miraculous powers, people consider her to be a goddess and she has temples and shrines too. Her vehicle is the crocodile and she has many other names such as Khodal, Trishuldhari, Maavdi. Also there is a huge temple in matel village, and sometime people see the crocodile while doing the puja for maa khodiyar. Crocodile comes from the river which is located in front of temple.
Paramara (also known as Parmara and Parmar) is the name of a prominent Agnivanshi Rajput clan of medieval India, which ruled the Dhar and Ujjaini kingdoms from the 9th century to the 14th century. Modern-day Paramara descendants are located throughout northern, western and central India. Paramaras are also spread throughout the nations of the former British Empire, particularly Canada and the United Kingdom, as well as in the USA and in Sindh, Pakistan, where they constitute 40% of the population of the Dadu district; here they are called Parmars.
The Ponwar clan of the Marathas, who ruled the states of Dewas, Dhar, Rajgarh in Malwa and Chhatarpur in Bundelkhand from the 18th century to the mid-20th century, claim the same descent as the Paramaras.
Parmar Name Meaning and Origin
Indian (Rajasthan and neighbouring states): Sanskrit name meaning one that strikes the enemy, from Sanskrit para ‘alien’, ‘enemy’ + mara ‘strike’, ‘kill’..
Ancient and Medieval History
There are various schools of thought about the origin of the Paramara clan. The most widely accepted school of thought is that the Paramaras – along with the Chauhans, the Pratiharas (Parihars) and the Solankis (Chalukyas) – were one of the four Agni kula ("fire-born") Kshatriyas who were of Gurjar origin.
Dr. Dashrath sharma ascribes the origin of the Solankis, Parmars, the Guhis / Gohils and Chauhans to the Brahmins, though from the works of other scholars, as author Mohanty said, it has shown that the solankis and parmars were actually descendents of the Gujjars.
Further, Rajpipla State in Gujarat was also founded by the Parmar Rajputs, descandets of Vikramaditya of Ujjain. They are believed to have brought idols of Harsidhhi Mata from Ujjain and worship her as their Kuldevi.
The ancient inscriptions in the Pali Buddhist character have been discovered in various parts of Rajasthan of the race of Taxak or Tak, relating to the tribe Mori and Parmara are their descendants. Taxak Mori was the lord of Chittor from very early period. The Huna Kingdom of Sialkot (of Mihir Kula 515-540 AD), destroyed by Yashodharman, was subsequently seized by a new dynasty of kshatriyas called Tak or Taxaka. The Taxak Mori as being lords of Chittor from very early period and few generations after the Guhilots supplanted the Moris. (725-35) we find amongst the numerous defenders who appear to have considered the cause of Chittor their own the Tak from Asirgarh. This race appears to have retained possession of Asirgarh for at least two centuries after this event as its chieftain was one of the most conspicuous leaders in the array of Prithvi Raj. In the poems of Chandar he is called the "Standard, bearer, Tak of Asir." 
Whatever the origin, the Parmars established themselves as the rulers of Malwa in central India in the 9th CE century, ruling from their capital at Dhar. In this situation, the Paramars enjoyed great political power and clout in ancient India. The Paramaras ruled until 1305, when Malwa was conquered by Ala ud din Khilji, the Khilji Sultan of Delhi. It was during these medieval times that their political power began to decline. Political power was greatly reduced further still during the consolidation of the British Empire in pre-independence India, with the Royals of this clan cooperating with the British conquerors. After India gained independence from Britain in 1947, the Parmar royalty acceded their political powers to the central Indian government in New Delhi. In lieu of these surrendered powers, the Parmar royals received generous financial grants, called the "Privy Purse", from the central government, which helped them to maintain lifestyle, as well as maintaining the general upkeep of royal palaces, forts and other architectural marvels. This Privy Purse was later abolished by the central government, under the direction of Indira Gandhi.
As with any culture spread over a wide geographical area, there are variations in what can be considered traditional Paramara custom. However, members of the Paramara clan typically follow Rajput social traditions and customs.
Women in Rajasthan and Haryana as a rule are not allowed to step outside the house to work, during Muslim invasions. In Punjab and Maharashtra, Paramara women work shoulder to shoulder in various walks of life, including agriculture. In such a system, women traditionally remain at home to take charge of household duties, while men are typically employed outside the home. Women typically remain within the walls of the home and remain veiled in the presence of elders and strangers.
Men in Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Orissa generally enter careers in uniformed services, such as the military, police and paramilitary forces. Those in Gujarat often enter business professions, while those in Rajasthan and Sindh take government and police jobs, though most are agrarian. The Paramara in Haryana are fundamentally an agrarian community. Maharashtrian and Sindhi Paramaras often choose professions in agriculture or government services, with a particular tendency not to venture out of their home state. This may be because Marathi and Sindhi Paramaras (and, to a certain extent, the Punjabi Paramaras) have adopted the language and culture of their adopted regions, unlike the Hindi- or Urdu-speaking Paramaras. The Paramaras of the business professions dominate the contemporary business scene in the western Maharashtra, especially in the Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and Sholapur districts. As edited by kamal parmar ,Parmara from Madyapradesh and eastern Gujarat mainly Dahod District(Dahod,Garbada, limkheda, Dhanpur and jhalod talukas).
Parmaras are generally Hindus, Sikh. Traditionally, Paramaras pay visit once a year to Dhar, to invoke the blessings of their "Kul Devi", the goddess KALIKA,and some visit Ujjain to invoke the blessings of the god "MAHAKALA",one of the rups of Lord shiva . Depending on the region they live in, Parmars may also be Muslim, Sikh, and Christian.This happens only when they or their ancestors are converted into other religions.
Paramara men traditionally, especially in rural areas, wear large turbans called "safa", which come in various colours, shades and hues. Women typically wear a full-sized sari. The sari covers the body below the waist, and is then wrapped around the breasts and back with a small portion covering the head. Their faces are covered with a ghunghat, which is made by dropping a portion of the folded sari from their foreheads. They wear a bindi placed firmly between both the eyebrows, and bangles around their wrists. Often, Paramara women pierce their noses as well as both ears, wearing jewellery called "moti" in the nose. Large amounts of other gold jewellery are common, including necklaces and anklets.
King Bhoj, who ruled from about 1010 to 1060, was a great polymath and philosopher king of medieval India. His extensive writings cover philosophy, poetry, medicine, veterinary science, phonetics, yoga and archery. Under his rule, Malwa became an intellectual centre of India. Bhoj also founded the city of Bhopal to secure the eastern part of his kingdom. The Bhoja Airport at Bhopal is named after King Bhoja.
One Branch of Parmar Rajputs is in Muli taluka in Surendranagar in Gujarat. Basically this branch is divided from Tharparkar taluka in Sindh in Pakistan. Whole branch is called as MULI CHOVISHI and RANPUR CHOVISHI. Muli was the capital of the Parmar Rajputs who belong to Tharparkar, NagarParkar, Pillou in the state of Sindh, at present in Pakistan. The city of Muli was built by the Parmar King Lakdhirji, the son of Ratanji Sodha and Jombaima. The Ranpur Chovishi was under King Halaji, the younger brother of King Lakdhirji. Halaji accepted Islam and stayed in Ranpur and his descendant are still living in Ranpur and following Islam. King Halaji is also famous for saving a cow. King Halaji has been proved to be great Martyr. Parmars of Ranpur are proud to be Muslim Parmars and descendant of Kings Like King Bhoj. In spite of being Muslims the Parmars of Muli treats as their real brothers and still they have maintained relationships with them. Parmars of Ranpur usually visit Muli to visit temple of Mandavraiji. The Parmars of Muli are famous for the battle fought between Parmar Rajputs of Muli and the Chabhad Rajputs of Sayla for the possession of a wounded partridge. The Parmars were winners, this war having historical importance because only 140 Parmars got victory against 500 chabhads of Sayla town. Munjaji, son of Ratansinhji Sodha and Jombaima and brother of Lakhdhirsinhji was martyr in this battle.
Dalvi-Deshmukh of Nasik, Maharashtra
One branch from the Jaisalmer (Rajstan), by descent Rajputs of the Paramara-Puar clan, adopted many generations back, in 12th century, the family name of Dalvi. Before the Bhati rulers of Jaisalmer, the land was habitated by various rajput clans namely - Buta and Chunna (both extinct), the Baraha(now Muslims), Langaha, Sodha and the Royal Parmar clan of Dalvi as Lodra. The capital of Lodra rajputs - Lodorva, an immense city with twelve gates about 10 miles North-West to Jaisalmer town, was passed to the ruler of Deogarh, Bhatti Deoraja. In 1025 the town was sacked and destroyed by Mehmud of Ghazni. In following decades the loot continued. So the capital was shifted to new location and in 1156 the Jaisalmer was founded by Bhati ruler- Jaisal. ( Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 2.)
After the invasion and destruction of Lodorva-Jaisalmer in 1025 th century by Muslims, the fighting forces of Lodras are made to migrate out of Jaisalmer. To hide their identity as the Lodra -Rajput they took the name as Dalvi. The brave Dalvis then served as military chiefs on the Deogiri (Daulatabad) fort, and in Gujrath areas. Some of them moved southwards, at present they are Hindu Rajput-Marathas, native to Lakhmapur (or old Lakshmipur) and nearby area,( Ahiwantwadi Fort) near Wani-Dindori, Nasik and have the social honor of being “Deshmukh”. The name Dalvi means the brave king / chief who rules the people and fights wars.
The Dalvis of Lakhmapur as they were mighty warriors, held many important positions as regional war-lords and own private armies. The Dalvi people were important forces in Administration and Military acts of the Peshwas for a long time. Ref. is available in many British records and Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 101.
A rebellious member of the Povar or Dalvi(M. H. E. Goldsmith's Report on the Peint State (1839) Bom. Gov. Sel. XXVI (New Series), 108.) was sent to Delhi by order of Aurangzeb and sentenced to death, for revolt, but spared life after he embraced Islam, and then given the estate of Peint or Peth, then Part of Baglana. During the Maratha supremacy, the Dalvi and the Peint estates were for a long period placed under attachment by the Peshwas of Pune. Then the British managed to pressure and kept the dalvi people under their authority at the time when British took against the Peshwas. In reward for services rendered in 1818, the families were reinstated in their former position by the British government.
The royal family of Phaltan which is located in present-day Maharashtra, also trace their descent from the Paramara dynasty. The Naik Nimbalkar family settled in Maharashtra in the 12th century is probably the oldest surviving dynasty in Maharashtra. The current surname of the members of this family is derived from a village called Nimblak. The Naik Nimbalkar family was very intimately related to Chatrapati Shivaji Bhosale. Saibai, who was the first wife of Chatrapati Shivaji & mother of Sambhaji Raje Bhosale, was a member of the Naik Nimbalkar family. Chatrapati Shivaji's daughter Sakhubai was also married to Mahadji Naik Nimbalkar who was the son of Bajaji Naik Nimbalkar.
Shrimant Jaswantrao Dalvi was the Raja of Palvan Sansthan at time of the Shivaji Maharaj era (1662).He was the best friend of Shirke Raja of Shrungarpure. Pesent day this location come under the Mandangad tahasil in Ratnagiri District. This dalvi family are the migrated from royal Parmara family of Dhar.Most of the family of this lineage have social honor as Khot. Present day Dalvi's of Soveli, Palvani, Nighavani, Dudhere, Dahagao, Kumbale; and Pawar's of Bhamghar, Savri; Ghosalkar's of Ghosale are comes under the Dharpawar kuli, hence being of the same ancestral lineage these families don't marry among themselves.
Presently parmars in madhya pradesh resides mainly in Bhopal, Dhar, Shajapur, Shujalpur, Ratlam, Indore, Ujjain and Rajgarh district. Annual meeting of parmar samaj is held at 26 January every year at Gufa Mandir, Lalghati, Bhopal under banner of Raja Bhoj Parmar samaj sangathan madhya pradesh. Parmar in madyapradesh and Eastern Gujarat(Dahod and Panchmahal district Region known as Patelia/Pateliya community.
Presently panwars in haryana resides mainly in Bhiwani, Hisar, Rohtak, Sirsa, and Jind district. Annual meeting of parmar samaj is held at 26 January every year at Gufa Mandir, Lalghati, Bhopal under banner of Raja Bhoj Parmar samaj sangathan madhya pradesh.
The Rathore (or Rathor / Rathur / Rathod / Rathour) (Hindi: राठौड, IAST:Rāṭhauḍ or Rāṭhaur, Urdu: راٹھور) is a Suryavanshi Rajput clan of India and Pakistan. Their Kuldevi is Nagnechiya Maa. Rathore are originally from Kannauj in Uttar Pradesh
This clan inhabits Marwar and Jangladesh regions of western Rajasthan, Idar state of Gujarat. Chhapra, Sheohar (a village called Tariyani Chapra also has a large number of Rathore Rajputs), migrated from Jaipur. A prominent Rathore family, decedents of Rao Suraj Singh, are located in Poonch, Kashmir. There is a small number of Rathores in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar. They have inhabited 60 villages in Kaimur and Buxar district of Bihar.Twenty five miles to the east of Ballia-Bairiya bandh, There is a small village called Majhauan in Ballia district of Uttar pradesh. This area ruled by semariya patti RATHORE jodha clan and they had migrated from Rajasthan ,speak bhojpuri language.
In India, their native languages are Hindi and its dialects such as Rajasthani, Marwari and other languages of Rajasthan, Gujarati and Kutchi in Gujarat, as well as Punjabi in the Punjab, a dialect of Punjabi called Rathi spoken in Ratia and Tohana in present day Haryana derives its name from the Rathore clan that held sway in this area Uttar Pradesh (Basti-60 km from Ayodhaya), Rathore have 10 village Madhwapur, Umra, dasiya daulatpur karma gandhariya kusma, basdiha, kusmahiya, madhopur these rathores are prevailing in that area and speak awadhi language.
Dynasties belonging to this clan ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states in Rajasthan and neighbouring states before India's independence in 1947. The largest and oldest among these was Jodhpur, in Marwar and Bikaner. Also the Idar State in Gujrat. Apart from Idar many of the Rathods had migrated to the different parts of Gujarat and one of them is Lunavada State (Currently in Panchmahals District of Gujarat.) Kanesar is one of the village in Lunawada State containing Rathods as a major population. The Maharaja of Jodhpur, is regarded as the head of the extended Rathore clan of Rajputs. Even in the modern times the clout of this clan in the democratic world is such that a large number of MLAs and MPs have been elected from among them.
Based on "khyats" (traditional accounts) written in seventeenth century, it is surmised that the Rathores and Rathods were originally feudatories of the Ujjaini-based Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty, and may perhaps have been domiciled in the vicinity of Kannauj in the heyday of that dynasty. Pratihara-ruled Kannauj was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1019 CE, which ushered in a chaotic period for that area. A family known to us as the "Gahadvala" dynasty gained control of Kannauj and ruled for nearly a century; their best-known dynast was Raja Jaichand, their last king. The Gahadvalas were displaced from Kannauj by the invasion, in 1194 CE, of Muhammad of Ghor. It is said that Sheoji, a surviving grandson of Jaichand, made his way into the western desert with a group of faithful followers, finally settling in the town of Pali in Marwar, which was ruled by another branch of the Pratiharas. Sheoji is regarded as the patriarch of the entire Rathore clan and all Rathores and Rathods trace their patrilineage back to him. The tradition finds supports from a number of inscriptions found in the vicinity of Kannauj that mention several generations of a Rashtrakuta dynasty ruling there for two centuries. A very similar account is also mentioned in the "Rashtraudha Kavya" of Rudrakavi, finished in 1595, who was the court poet in the court of the Rashtraudha king, Narayana of Mayurgiri.
The Rathores gradually spread across Marwar, forming a brotherhood of landowners and village chieftains, loosely bound to each other by ties of clan and caste. An epoch in the history both of Marwar and of the Rathores was marked by Rao Jodha, a warrior who founded a kingdom that grew to encompass all of Marwar. He also founded the city of Jodhpur in 1459, and moved his capital thither from Mandore.
One of his sons, Rao Bika, with the help of his uncle Rawat Kandhal, established the town of Bikaner in 1488, in the Jangladesh region lying to the north of Marwar; that town was to become the seat of a second major Rathore kingdom. Some of these migrations from Marwar into Gujarat caused changes in language and the spelling of Rathore to Rathod, which is seen in clans present in Gujarat. Rathods of Gujarat trace their history to the city Jodhpur.
The various cadet branches of the Rathore clan gradually spread to encompass all of Marwar and later sallied abroad to found states in Central India and Gujarat. At the time of India's independence in 1947, the princely states ruled by various branches of the Rathore clan included:
Rao Satal (1488–1491)
The Solanki are a Hindu Agnivanshi. }}</ref>. The name Solanki comes from Chalukya need references..(For Chalukyas.... As Devanga(Kannadiga Community) who are predominantly present in Badami(Watapi),Karnataka are present in Large population in all the places of TamilNadu along with Vokkaliga Gowdas(Gangas).... There is no existence of solankis in Tamilnadu. As Vikramaditya the chalukyas king was defeated in Tirunelveli south Tamil Nadu and the near by areas only has a large number of Kannada devanga weavers and Farmers Population in the ancient Indian dynasty. As Siddhaiyan kottai(siddhaian Fort), Dindigul district of TamilNadu has only Kannada Devanga Community mainly as Landlords........Siddhukolthar is a family or sect name in Kannada Devanga community.During 543-566, Pulakesi I, established the kingdom at Vatapi (present-day Badami, Bagalkot District in North Karnataka of Karnataka). The Solanki clan-name is found within the Rajput and Gurjar community of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
In Gujarat, Anhilwara (modern Siddhpur Patan) served as their capital. Gujarat was a major center of Indian Ocean trade, and Anhilwara was one of the largest cities in India, with population estimated at 100,000 in the year 1000. The Solankis were patrons of the great seaside temple of Shiva at Somnath Patan in Kathiawar; Bhima Dev helped rebuild the temple after it was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1026. His son, Karandev, conquered the Bhil king Ashapall or Ashaval, and after his victory established a city named Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati River, at the site of modern Ahmedabad.
Historians like Vincent Smith, Dr. K. Jamanadas and K. M. Munshi states that Solanki along with other Agnikula Kshatriyas. Dr. Dashrath Sharma states that Solankis were of Brahmin origin, though from the work of other scholars it has been shown that Solankis were descendents of the Gujjars.
Mulraj (942-996) Solanki overthrew Samantsinh Chavda in 942 and set up what came to be known as the Solanki dynasty. Mulraj Solanki's father was Raji who probably ruled in Gurjaratra region around Jodhpur. Raji's marriage with Samantsinh Chavda's daughter does not have any bearing for invitation to Mulraj to take over Anhilvad pattan. Raji was a suba of king Mahipal Parihar of Kanyakubja. Raji seems to have related with king Mahipal by marrying his daughter. Losing his kingdom in attacks by Rashtrakut king Krishna III in 940, Mulraj moved southward from Gurjaratra region and took over Anhilvad Patan from Chavda rulers in 942. Mulraj was from Bhardwaj Gotra and Agnivanshi Kula. Mulraj married to Madhavi, a daughter of king Chauhan Bhoj. Initially, Mulraj's territory was around Siddhpur Patan. His son Chamund started taking responsibility during his ruling (977). He defeated Abhir king Grahripu of Saurashtra and Laxraj (Lakha Fulani) of Kutchh. He snatched Lat for some period from Barapp in one war. Shakambhari king Vigrahraj Chauhan defeated Mulraj. He got defeat from Malav King Munj Parmar (Vakpati II). After death of Munj in 995, Mulraj adorned self as “Param bhattarak maharajadhiraj parmeshawara”. His administration pattern was similar to Gupta's. He invited many learned Brahmins-Brambhatta and other castes to settle in Saraswat mandal.He bestow the land of Devasthali - sidhapur to brambhatta of kanshi -varanasi.Some brambhatta family are holding the same land in devsthali . He constructed several temples. He initiated construction of Rudra Mahalaya in Siddhpur. He was kind hearted, brave, smart and shred in ruling his kingdom. Considering need of situation, he was accepting defeat to save his kingdom. He died in 996. At the time of his death, his kingdom included Saraswat and Satyapur Mandals, Kutch and some territories of Saurashtra. Mulraj Solanki's reign marked the start of a period during which Gujarati culture flowered as manifested in art, architecture, language and script. It is described as the golden period of Gujarat's chequered history. Mulraj himself adopted the title of Gurjaresh (King of Gurjardesh) an aristocratic title. The territory under the sway of the Solankis came to be known by different variations of the word Gurjar like Gurjardesh, Gurjara-Rastra, Gurjaratra and finally Gujarat.
Chamund (996-1009) could not extend his kingdom territory further. He tried to be independent from Malav king Sindhuraj (successor of Munj) but could not succeed. In the later years of his life, he lost his character (womanizer). His sister Chachinidevi dethroned him and gave it to his son Vallabhraj in 1009. Chamund ended his life by immersing in Narmada river near Shuklatirth.
Vallabhraj (1009 for six months) attacked King Sindhuraj's territory as soon as he became king. He died due to small pox in the war only. Married his daughter to Yadava - Rawal Bachera Bhati of Jaisalmeron 12th Shravan V.S. 1035. (About AD 957) 
Durlabhraj (1009–1022) (brother of Vallabhraj) could not extend father's kingdom much. He married the sister of Chauhan Baliraj's son Mahendra of Naddul (Nadole). He was of good character. He invited Jain saints in his kingdom. He continued as Samant of Malav king Bhoj. After his death, his nephew Bhimdev (son of Nagraj) became king in 1022.
Bhimdev I (1022–1063) was son of Durlabhraj's brother Nagraj . Bhimdev's mother was Laxmidevi, a princess of Chauhan of Naddul. Bhimdev was a mandlik of Malav king Bhoj. Sultan Mehmud of Gazani invaded Anhilpur pattan in December 1025. Bhimdev had to flee and take shelter in Kanthkot fort in Kutchh. In January 1026 Sultan Mehmud of Gazani attacked Somnath temple, demolished it completely. United army of all kings under leadership of King Bhoj chased Sultan Mehmud thereafter. He had to flee from the place to Gazani. Bhimdev was one of the foremost participant of the united army. Bhimdev and Bhoj jointly reconstructed Somnath temple. Bhimdev added Saurashtra, Kutchh, Abu and some parts of Khetak mandal and Mahimandals with his kingdom. Bhimdev became independent from Bhoj on his death in 1054. Bhimdev had married to Udaymati, a pricess of Saurastra Narvahan Khengar. He had also married to Bauladevi (also called Chauladevi) who was not a princess. Bhimdev had a son named Karndev from Udaymati and sons named Xemraj and Mulraj from Bauladevi. Mulraj died in very early age. Shantacharya and Suracharya were two Jain saints during his reign. Apart from reconstruction of Somnath, Delwada temples by Vimalshah, Modhera Sun Temple and Stepwell of Udaymati (Raniki vav) goes to Bhimdev's credit. Bhimdev died in 1064. Karndev (Bhimdev's son by Udaymati) came on the throne after Bhimdev's death.
Karndev (1064–1094) (Bhimdev's son by Udaymati) came on the throne after Bhimdev's death. He is described as a very handsome king. As soon as he came to the throne, he made friendship with King Someshwar of Kalyani. Up to 1075, he added entire Lat in his kingdom. His territories were touching Konkan in south and Naddul in north. He married to Karnataka's king Tribhuvanmalla's friend Jaykeshi's daughter Mayanalladevi (Minaldevi). Jaykeshi was Konkan's suba. Karn had built many temples, lakes and cities like Karnavati. Shakambhari's king Dushshal chauhan defeated and killed Karn in a war. Malav king Laxmdev and Naddul king Joggal helped in defeating Karndev. Patan's condition was worse in the last days of Karandev. His son Jaysinh became Karandev's successor for the throne.
The one name stand out in the Solanki dynasty is Siddhraj Jaysinh (1094–1143) also known as Siddhraj Solanki who was considered as the most prominent Solanki king. Siddhraj is said to have ascended the throne of Patan after the death of his Father Karandev. Patan's condition was worse in the last days of Karandev. The succesors of Bhimdev's second wife chauladevi were supporting Jaisinh most important of them being Tribhuvanpal Solanki. His mother Minaldevi, Maha Mantri Santu and Munjal Mehta initially played a great part to deter the internal revolt and in establishing his rule and stability to Patan in Gujarat. Jaysinh came on throne in 1096. So the years between his father's death and his actual takeover might have been guarded by his mother and his mantris. In those initial days his mother along with child Jaysinh took shelter in Saurashtra in the guise of yatra to Somnath leaving administration of Patan to Mantri Shantu. Malav king Narvarma attacked Patan in those days. Mantri accepted Narvarma's Kingship for Jaysinh as Samant of Malva. Jaysinh afterwards strengthened himself getting rid of unwanted involvement of grandma's maternal side relatives, useless samants as well as mantris. He also weakened the successors from his grand father Bhimdev's first wife Bauladevi. He was after the life of Kumarpal, then successor of queen Bauladevi and probable candidate for patan's throne. Kumarpal hid himself from Jaysinh for more than 30 years. Apart from Saurashtra and Kachchh, Siddhraj Jaysinh had also conquered the Malwa defeating king Yashovarma and south Gujarat. The popular conception of Siddhraj mixes greatness and medieval callousness. One of the most prominent legends of the Gujarat bards is woven round the siege of Junagadh by Siddhraj' Jaysinh. Siddhraj wanted to marry the princess Ranakdevi, but his vassal, Ra Khengar, the Chief of Junagadh, married her before he could do so. An enraged Siddharaj attacked the mountain-fortress of Junagadh. It fell after Ra Khengar's nephews betrayed him. Ranakdevi refused Siddharaj's advances for marriage after he had killed her husband and two sons. She was forcibly brought to Wadhwan where she committed the ritual of Sati at this place to protect her honour. It is believed that her curse made Bhogavo, a local river, waterless, forever. Some historians doubt the authenticity of the story. He adorned the title of “Barbarak Jishnu” and also “Siddhraj” after controlling Bhil king Barbarak. He became Chakravarti after acquiring total control of the region under old Gurjar Chakravarti kings. He renovated and widened the lake constructed by Durlabhraj and named it as Sahastraling Lake. He constructed two lakes in the memory of his mother. He also renovated Rudramahal. He also features in the legend of Jasma Odan, a beautiful woman of the tank diggers' community-oudes, who were digging a new tank in Patan. Already married, she refused Siddhraj's advances and committed sati to protect her honour. It is believed that her curse made this tank waterless and the king without an heir to the kingdom of Gujarat. During Patan flourished in education, religion and commerce. He gave shelter to many scholars of different religion and castes. Other notable figures of his time included his, Prime Minister Munjal Mehta, Kak and leading Courtier Udayan Mehta. Siddhraj Jaysinh died in 1143. The throne remained without King for 18 days. Thereafter Kumarpal was suddenly declared King of Patan.
Siddhraj Jaysinh did not have any son. His daughter's son Someshwar was brought up by him in Patan. But many Mantris like Dadak, Madhav, Sajjan and Udayan were of the opinion that decedent of Mulraj and Bhimdev should be made King of Patan. Siddhraj Jaysinh hated this proposal. Kumarpal (1144–1174) was the probable candidate being decedent of Bhimdev by his second wife Bauladevi (Xemraj->Devprasad->Tribhuvanpal->Kumarpal). Hence Kumarpal was under direct wrath of Siddhraj. Kumarpal had to flee and hide from Siddhraj for 30 years to save his life. Udayan Mehta and Hemchandracharya helped him during his exile. There were many internal fights for Patan's throne. After Siddhraj Jaysinh's death, Kumarpal was ultimately given throne of Patan in 1144. Kumarpal had to face much resistance. He along with his able mantries took harsh steps to subside the resistance. Many mantries opposing him were given death sentence. Krishnakumar was beaten and made blind. He suppressed revolts of many samants.
Kumarpal adopted Jain religion in 1160 along with Shiv religion. He became vegetarian and stopped animal slaughter. He built 1440 Jain Vihars. He renovated Somnath temple. In his old age he reduced interest in administration and left it to his faithful samants and mantries. Again internal conflicts for throne have surfaced. One of the group wanted Kumarpal's nephew Ajaypal (Mahipal's son) as a king. Ajaypal came on throne after a revolt in 1173. Perhaps Kumarpal died in early 1174 due to poison given to him.
Kumarpal's nephew Ajaypal (1173–1176) (Mahipal's son) came on throne after a revolt in 1173. Ajaypal was very shrewd and merciless. Group associated with Hemchandracharya under leadership of Amrabhatt opposed Ajaypal. He got rid off all people connected to Kumarpal. Under his kingship Patan's rule remained from Gwaliar to Narmada river. He discouraged Jain saints and leaders. A pratihar named Vayjaldev injured Ajaypal with a dragger. Ajaypal died in 1176 due to this injury suffering a lot. His child son Mulraj was given Patan's throne on his death.
Mulraj (1176–1178) was on the throne for two years. His mother Naikdevi along with child Mulraj pushed back Islamic army of Shahbuddin Ghori near Gadrar ghat war. Mulraj died in 1178. His brother Bhimdev II came on throne after him.
When Bhimdev (1178–1241) came to throne India was passing through a great turmoil. Gahadwal of Kanoj, Chandelas of Jejabhukti, Yadavs of Devgiri and Kalyani's Chalukyas were Bhimdev's (Patan's) stern enemies. Bhimdev remained in top of an allied royal army to fight Muijuddin Ghori and defeated him in 1178. Kutubuddin Aibak defeated Gujarat army near Abu in 1197. Bhimdev hid in an unknown place. But in 1199, he defeated Aibak and pushed him away from Patan. He adorned himself as “Abhinav Siddharaj” thereafter. Malav king Subhat varma invaded Gujarat in 1209. Bhimdev fled to either Saurashtra or Kutchh. Between 1209 and 1226, a brave Chalukya named Jaisinh/ Jayansinh took over the kingdom of Gujarat (Patan), probably to save Patan in absence of Bhimdev. In 1226, Bhimdev again came on the throne of Patan. Mantri Vastupal, Maha Mandleshwar Lavanprasad and his son Virdhaval played an important role in bringing Bhimdev to throne. They virtually ruled Patan even though Bhimdev was a king. In the old age of Bhimdev, Virdhaval's son Visaldev and Vastupal's brother Tejpal took the charge to rule Patan. Bhimdev died in 1241. His son, Tribhuvan pal, was made king after him.
Tribhuvan Pal (1241–1244) was a king for namesake (Bhimdev II's son). In fact, Visaldev and Tejpal ruled Patan. During this period, Tejpal persuaded ambitious Visaldev from dethroning Tribhuvan pal and continue ruling in his name. Tribhuvan pal died in 1244. Visaldev took over the throne as a king. Thus the Solanki dynesty came to an end. Visaldev being a decedent from Arnoraj Vaghela's son Lavanprasad, Vaghela dynesty ruled Patan there after.
Descendants of King Tribhuvanpal settled in Rajasthan under King Ranakdeo. His descendants settled in Lach village in Sirohi. Rao Lakha of Sirohi attacked King Bhoja 16 times and failed on every occasion. At last, Rao having assistance from Idar attacked Solankis and King Bhoja was killed in the 17th battle. His descendant Raimal Solanki went to Mewar where he was rewarded with Roopnagar (Desuri) Jagir for ridding out the district from troublesome Madrecha Chauhans. His descendants fought several times against Mughals with Maharanas of Mewar. From Roopnagar, Solankis spread throughout the Mewar and Marwar.
Descendants of the Anhilwara Solankis ruled the state of Rewa, in the Bagelkhand region, the eastern part of present-day Madhya Pradesh. Vyaghra Deo, brother of the King of Gujarat, moved to Bagelkhand in the middle of the twelfth century, and obtained the fortress of Marpha, 18 miles northeast of Kalinjar. His son Karandeo married a Kalchuri (Haihaya) princess of Mandla, and received the fortress of Bandogarh as her dowry. Bandogarh served as the seat of the Solankis of Bagelkhand until its destruction by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1597. After the destruction of Bandogargh, the Solankis moved their capital to Rewa. From 1812 to 1947 the Solanki, Maharajas of Rewa ruled the princely state of that name, within British India. In 1947, the last Maharaja of Rewa acceded to newly-independent India.
Tank or Taunk or Taank or Taunque is a name of a Rajput clan associate to many geographical locations of India one of the areas is of Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya and Gurjar Kshatriyas community of Kutch and Saurashtra in Gujrat as well as New Delhi and Punjab.
Taunk in Kutch
"Tank" are also found in Kutch in large numbers, where they seem to have migrated along with other Rajput / Kshatriya clans like;Rathor, Chawda, Chouhan, Sawaria, Vaghela, Jethwa, Gohil, Vadher, Solanki, Parmar, Khodiyar, Vegad, Varu, Yadav, Maru.
As per Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya Samaj these group of warriors arrived in Saurahtra and later into Kutch in early 7th Century from Rajasthan fighting and repealing attack from Middle East. These fact is further authenticated by the fact that many of these families still go to pay their respects to Shri Ramdevji or Rama-Pir at Rumicchha (Ranujaa) near Pokhran in Jaiselmer district of Rajasthan.
Although they have their Kuldevis in Kutch only, idos of whom they brought along with themselves when they migrated, whose temples are located mainly in 18 villages mentioned hereafter. Here they together established themselves at Dhaneti after warfare.
They are identified together as Mistris or Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas. They were given 18 villages by then earstwhile ruler of Kutch. These villages are namely;
Anjar, Sinugra, Madhapar, Galpadar, Kukma, Khambhra, Khedoi, Lovaria, Hajapar, Chandia, Jambudi, Devaria, Kumbharia, Nagalpar, Vidi, Nagor, Reha & Ratnal.
These group of Kshatriyas besides being warriors were also skilled in building of beautiful and artistic Temples, Palaces, Dams and therefore also came to be known as Mistri or Mistry which means skilled persons especially in field of construction. The Tank of Kutch have their Kuldevi's Temple at Khambhra and their Kuldevi is Brahmani Maa. Tank of Sinugra worship Chamunda Mata as their Kuldevi, whose temple is in Village itself.
Tank, Taunque, Tonk or Taunk surname is also commonly found among Sainis in areas of submontane Punjab and Haryana. According to one narrative, they are Shoorsainis and predominantly of Yadava Rajput descent who relocated to Punjab from Mathura , the capital of ancient Surasena Kingdom, as part of Rajput troop movements to thwart Muslim invasions in Punjab. According to another narrative they are a composite group of Rajput clans, with Tak or Taank being one of them, whose forefathers fought Sahabuddin Ghori and other Muslim Sultans and , on the defeat of the Rajputs, had to turn to agriculture in order to escape conversion and to preserve the honour of their women. According to the latter view this composite group of Rajput clans which was cut adrift from the larger Rajput group came to be called 'Saini' in Punjab where it maintained its military Rajput character despite taking up of agriculture.
In either case Saini Taks or Taunks are linked with Takshak Rajputs who either were part of Saini group from its inception during the period of Muslim invasions or, if the earlier view of Yadava Rajput descent is given precedence, cross-assimilated with them later as part of a similar historical circumstance.
Tank, Taank, Taunk surname can be also found in migrant Indian populations in United Kingdom, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and to lesser extent in USA.!
The Vaghelas or Baghel were an Indian dynasty of Gujarat. The Vaghelas were based in the town of Dholka, and were a branch and feudatories of the Solanki dynasty, who ruled Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. The Solanki went into decline in the thirteenth century, and by 1243 the Vaghelas were firmly in control of Gujarat. They restored stability to Gujarat for the latter half of the 13th century, and the Vaghela kings and officials were dedicated patrons of the arts and temple-building. They established a rather short-lived (76 years) but powerful dynasty.
List of Vaghela kings
The two rulers of this dynasty, Virdhaval and Vishaldev, were responsible for consolidating the stabilizing the prosperity of Gujarat after the fall of the Solankis. Virdhaval was the first Vaghela king, and two of his Jain minister brothers, who were also his two distinguished Dewans (chief ministers), Vastupal and Tejpal, built the exquisite Dilwara Temples on Mount Abu in Rajasthan, and temples at the Girnar and Shetrunjay hills. His successor Vishaldev built temples at Dabhoi and founded Vishalnagar. Karandev was the last Vaghela king and also the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat, who died in the 1304 conquest of Gujarat by Ala-ud-din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi. With his defeat Gujarat not only became part of the Muslim empire but the Rajput hold over Gujarat lost for ever.
Yadav/Ahir or Jhadhav (Hindi: यादव, yādava) is an Indian caste that claims descent from Yadu. Sometimes they are also called Madhav because Madhu was ancestor of Yadu. Yadavas have been mentioned as one of the panchjanya tribes in ancient Vedic texts.
Yadavs (Ahir)s, who are located in many different parts of India and Nepal, generally follow Vaishnav traditions, and share Dharmic religious beliefs. Traditionally, the Yadavs are classified under the Kshatriya
In Hindu ancient history, Yadvas are the descendants of Yadu, the eldest son of King Yayati. From his line was born Madhu, who ruled from Madhuvana, situated on the banks of river Yamuna, which extended up to Saurastra and Anarta (Gujrat). His daughter Madhumati married Harinasva of Ikshvaku race, from whom Yadu was born again, this time being ancestor of Yadavas. Nanda the foster father of Krishna was born in the line of succession of Madhu and ruled from the same side of Yamuna. Jarasandh, Kansa's father-in-law, and king of Magadha attacked Yadavas to avenge Kansa's death. Yadavas had to shift their capital from Mathura (central Aryavart) to Dwaraka (on the western coast of Aryavart) on the Sindhu. Yadu was a legendary Hindu king, believed to be an ancestor of the god Krishna, who for this reason is sometimes referred to as Yadava. Genetically, they are in Indo-Caucasoid family, A study in East of India shows their gene structure is similar to Brahmin, Kayastha & Rajput living in the same area.
The Ahirs, also referred to as Abhira or Abhir, are one of the ancient martial tribes of India,who ruled over different parts of India and Nepal since ancient times. The word Abhira means "fearless". From the times of the Shakyas, the Kushans and the Scythians (600 BC), Ahirs have been warriors. Some were agriculturists and farmers.
The people of the Ahir tribe are traditionally cow herders and farmers. Formerly the Ahirs had the exclusive right to milk cows, so even the lowest caste person had to hire an Ahir for this purpose. Their role with the sacred cows gave them special status. Ahir caste widespread in northern and central India. Considerable historical interest attaches to this caste, because its members are thought to be identical with the Ābhīras of Sanskrit literature, who are mentioned repeatedly in the great epic the Mahābhārata. Some scholars contend that these cattlemen, scattered over southern Rājasthān and Sind (now part of Pakistan), played a role of importance in the early development of the god Krishna as the cowherd, which has continued to be a significant aspect of the Krishna legend. They always claimed descent from Krishna and were a powerful race of nomad cowherds from eastern or central Asia who entered India from the Punjab in large hordes about the same time as the Sakas and the Yuechis in the first or second century BC and gradually spread over large parts of Northern, Eastern and Central India. The term 'Ahir' was used for cowherds or gopas initially but has been extended to include Yaduvanshi and Nandavanshis too by its corrupt version Ahir. Abhiras appears in most ancient historical references dating back to the Abhira kingdom of the Saraswati Valley, who spoke Abhiri until the Buddhist period. Analysis of Hindu scriptural references of the Abhira kingdoms has led some scholars to conclude that it was merely a term used for Holy Yadava Kingdoms. In Bhagavata Purana, the Gupta dynasty has been called Abhir.
Other views are that they lived in India long before; were descendants of the Yadavas of the Lunar Dynasty of Pururavas Aila; and that their original habitat was the region between the Sutlej and the Yamuna from where they migrated beyond Mathura in the East and beyond Gujarat and Maharashtra in the South. The British Rulers of India classified the Ahir amongst the "martial races" or ethnic groups. The Ahirs may be seen to have continued their warrior tradition by their extensive participation in the Indian Army and police forces.
James Tod demonstrated that Ahirs were included into the list of 36 royal clan of Rajasthan(Tod,1829,Vol1,p69 ii,p358) Historical works of Smith and James Tod can be relied on in this regard. Moreover, in the records of the British empire, Ahirs are sub-castes of Yadav clan. As per the most authentic 1931 Census condcuted by the British Indian Government in India, which was the only census conducted on the basis of castes prevalent in India at that time.
Yaduvanshi is one of the sub-divisions of Chandravanshi kshatriya. In vedic books of ancient times there is no mentioning of Rajputs only Yadavas and Abhiras. The first Rajput kingdom is attested in the 6th century. The fact that Lord Krishna was born to Yadu kshatriyas was the son of Vasudeva and Devaki and for fear of being killed by Kansa of Mathura, Vasudeva had taken him to his close friend Nanda Baba and his wife Yasoda who belonged to Ahir caste they became his followers and used to revere the Lord Krishna. The Ahirs believe that their ancestors walked together with Lord Krishna. Ahirs synonyms are Yadav and Rao Sahab. Rao Sahab is only used in Ahirwal region consisting of territories of few villages of Delhi,Southern Haryana & Behrod area of Alwar district (Rajasthan). Historically, Ahir laid the foundation of Ahir Batak town which was later called Ahrora and Ahirwar in Jhansi district in A.D.108. Rudramurti Ahir became the chief of the Army and later on, the king. Madhuriputa, Ishwarsen and Shivdatta were well known kings from the lineage who mingled with Yadav Rajputs,
Ahirs worship Dahmi Mata and go to her shrine at the time of jadula (head shaving ceremony of the child) and gathjoda (after marriage, to get the blessings of the deity). Likewise, Biladi Mata, Shyamji,Shivji,Ram and other gods and goddesses of Hindu religion are worshipped by the Ahirs with great reverence and devotion.
Sainis, who are now found by their original name only in Punjab and in the neighbouring states of Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. They claim descent from Yaduvanshi Rajputs of the Yaduvanshi  Surasena lineage, originating from Yadav King Shoorsen, who was the grandfather of both Krishna and the legendary Pandava warriors. Sainis relocated to Punjab from Mathura and surrounding areas over different periods of time.
Rawal Jaisal laid the foundation stone of Jaisalmer in 1156 A.D. He hailed from the Yaduvanshi Rajput kin group. The city has an interesting legend associated with it, according to which, Lord Krishna, the head of the Yadav Clan, foretold Arjuna, one of the Pandava brothers of the Mahabharata that a remote descendent of the Yadav Clan would build his kingdom atop the Trikuta Hill. His prophecy was fulfilled in 1156 AD when Rawal Jaisal, abandoned his fort at Lodurva and founded a new capital Jaisalmer, perched on the Trikuta Hill.  However, historical facts contradicts this claim, because Trikuta Hill is actually near Deccan, a range of hills bordering Nashik, where one Abhira dynasty, Traikuta, directly claiming descent from ancient Haihai  Yadav King, Nala, in 5th century A.D., had built kingdom on original Trikuta Hill, and hence assumed the title Traikuta.
Hamir Dev, a descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan ruled Ranthambor. Seventeen kilometers from Sawaimadhopur stands a fort, encompassing in its stately walls, a glorious history of the Rajputs. Ranathambhor's venerable structure, rapturous beauty and sublime expressiveness seem to be continuously vocalizing the great legends of Hamir Dev, the Rajput king, who ruled in the 13th century.His wife was an Ahir lady, Raj Kaur. She was also a brave warrior. In those days, the warrior and his wife would choose each other in the Svayamvar.Raj Kaur would also ride a horse, and support her husband in battle. The lady would pray and blow her conch shell while climb her horse. Together they successfully fought over seven battles. Both husband and wife wore armour in battle.
Ancient Yadav Kingdoms